Sixteen Mandap ( Pedestals ) of Sri Jagannath Temple




There are different Mandaps (Pedestals) in Sri Jagannth Temple. They are named as 1) Bheta ( Meeting)Mandap, 2 ) Chahani (Looking) Mandap, 3) Snna (Bathing Mandap, 4) Prasad(Offering) Mandap, 5) Baikuntha Mandap, 6) Bakula Mandap, 7) Bhoga Mandap,  8) Mukti ( Salvation Mandap, 9) Majan Mandap, 10) Jalakrida Madap, 11) Navikata Mandap. 12) Deva Sabha Mandap, 13) Achnta Mandap, 14) Nata Mandap, 15) Adap Manadap, 16) Bali Mandap, 17) Ratna Mandap, 18) Dolamandap and 19) Jagyan Mandap…

Ratna Mandap

The pedestal in the main temple where the four idols viz – Sri Jagannath, Balavadra and Goddess Subhdra are established is known as Ratna Vedi or Mandap. The Mandap is situated on the plot No 1 as per Record of right of Sri Mandir. All the four idols ae facing towards east. Sri Sudarshan, Sri Madhab and Sri Devi are at the Left Side of Sri Jagannath. Bhudevi is at the right side of Lord Sri Jagannath. The height of this mandap is 4 feet. This Mandap is also as Ratna Bedi, Ratna Mandap and Ratana Singhasan ( Throne ) . As eternal Brahma like Sri Jagannath, Balavdra, Subhdra, Sudarshan, Madhab, Bhudevi and Sridevi are on the Mandap. It is regarded as most Sacred Brahma Sila.

Deva Sabha Mandap

As per record of Right of Sri Madir this mandap is on plot No 30. This mandap is situated at the close proximity of main Temple at the North and Western side of Navi Kata Mandap. It is saying that all Devatas from Heven are conducting meeting at the mid-night on this Mandap.

Snnana Mandap

This mandap is situated at other side of Sri Mandir is the Ananda Bazar. The mandap (pedestal) is faceing east. As perrecord of right the mandap is on the plot no 148 of Sri Mandir. This mandap is mada of white Sand stone. The length and breadth of the mandap is 75 feet. Staire case are either side of North and South to ride on. On the mandap there are three  round stone (
Chaka )  On the full moon day of Jyesta Month( June & July ) in each year the Deities come to this mandap from Ratna Bedi. On this mandap the bathing ceremony of deitites is observed with 108 pot fall worshiped water. The famous Gajanan Besha ( Ganesh ) of Deities are observed.

Gundicha Mandap

This mandap is known as Jangya Bedi, Maha Bedi, Adapa Madap, Rasa Madap and Atop Mandap. During 12th century this Gundicha Mandap was a wooden mandap.  The king Narasingh Dev 2 of Ganga dynasty during his reign ( 1278 to 1306 A.D) had constructed stone Mandap. The mandap situated at the central house of Gundicha Ghara is made of Black Granite. The Length of this mandap is 19 feet and height is 4 feet. At Saradhabali, the detites descended from wooden chariot and go to Gundicha Temple. The pedestal where the deities adorned is called Adap Madap. Kind Indradumna established Nrusigh and performed an Oblation called Horse Sacrifice Yagnya ( Aswamedha) There was a mandap at the side of Yagnya manpa colocly said Adap Mandap. At present the wooden deities Sri Patitapaban ( Saviours of down trodden people) also make their way their way to this Adap Mandap. This Adap mandap is th birth place of wooden deities. So they use nine days visit to Gundicha Mandap. It is said in epics that the result of Darshan Sri Mandir is equa to have a darshan in Adap Mandap.

Mani Mandap

A drama wrote by noted poet Dindim Jiba Deva Achrya namely “Ustchahabati Rupakam” Was staged at the side of main Jagannath Temple.

Veta Mandap

This mandap is situated on the plot No 282 as per records of right of Sri Jagannath Temple. The actuallocation of this Mandap is in the east side of Temple Kichen Campus. The cosort of Jagannath, Goddess Laxmi hava a glance of Sri Jagannath from this mandap at the time of return Car festival while descending from Charoit.

Chahani Mandap

This mandap is situated on the plot No 149 at the south side of Snana Mandap ( Bathing Pedesta) of Sri Mandir. At the time of return Car festival the chariot of Lord Sri Jagannath make a halt in from of Royal palace of King ( Sri Nahara ). During this time Goddess Laxmi looks Sri Jagannath from this mandap. After that one meeting of Laxmi & Narayan rituals are held at the from of Sri Nahara. The mandap has twelve pillars. The height of the roof is 7 feet high. This is an open Mandap. This manadap constructed during 17th century, by  Khajabenu Chhotaray.

Mukti Mandap

During Sri Mandir Pratistha ( Establishment of Temple ) the creator Brahma has observed an oblation ( Jajana ), a religious offering on a pedestal subsequently, that pedestal known as Mukti Mandap. This sacred place is situated in between Kalpa – Bata and Rohni Kunda. It is belived that during mid-night all the deities from heaven are congregated here. All the matters relating to earth are discussed under the chairmanship of Brahma. After through discussion, the last instruction given by Vishnu is obeyed by all the Gods. As per legendary saying king indradwimna had arranged a Jajnya( Religious Offering ) on Mukti Mandap. The other name of Mukti Mandap is Seat of Brhma ( Brahmasana ). Now a days the Learned Brahmin are allowed to sit on Mukti Mandap. The Brahmins of Mukti Mandap are issuing instruction on the problem of observing rules in the Sri Mandir.  Mukti Mandap Pandits also give way to the persons who want to repent on their sin. The Mukti Mandap also give recognization to the almanac of the Sri Mandir. The length and bredth of that mandap is 38 feet each. This mandap was but during the reign og King Ramachandra DEv during the year 1578 A.D. All the learned persons of 16 Brahman Sasana are congregated on Mukti Mandap to have a discussion on the religious rules of Hinduism.

Majana Mandap

In the inner side of Sri Mandir ( Bhitara Bedha ) at the right side of Beherana door, there is a mandap namely Majana Mandap. This mandap is situated on the plot No 21. As per record of Right, the bathing ceremony of Goddess Laxmi is observed on each Thursday on this Mandap. The wedding ceremony of Sridevi with Mdan Mohan is held on eleventh day of Lighter fortnight of month Jyestha. The birth rituals of Lord Baman ( Fifth incarnation of Lord Bishnu ) is observed on this mandap on the month of Vadraba – 12 day of lighter fortnight. During the month of Aswina, eighth day of dark fornight ( Mula – Astami ) the beggnning of Durga Puja ritual also observed on this mandap. The mandap is also known as Somanath Mandap. On each day eveing devotional songs also recited on this mandap. Other rituals namely cleaning of Chita & Rahrekha are done here. The rituals of Rukmni Bibaha of also observed on Light Ekadashi days. The Mandap is also known as wedding mandap.


To be continued..





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